About Democratic Republic of Congo
Joseph Kabila Kabange (* 4th June 1971), generally known as Joseph Kabila, is current president of the Democratic Republic of Congo. He became president after murder of previous president - his father Laurent-Désiré Kabila.
The Democratic Republic of Congo is country situated in central Africa, it is second largest country according to the area, and with its 66 millions of people 4th most populous in Africa.
Its neighbours are Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo Republic, Rwanda, since 9th July 2011 South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. Congo has got access to the sea through short part in the western spur of the country.
The Democratic Republic of Congo is rich for considerable amount of raw materials. Almost half of the forests in African continent has been located in this country. Significant are also deposits of diamonds, copper, gold, cobalt, coltan, uranium and tantalum. Most of these raw materials are located in the eastern part of country, in which strikes the Great Rift Valley, which is also the cause of persistent
conflicts in this area. Country has been exporting also oil or coffee beans. Unfortunately, such wealth has been both - blessing and curse - at the same time as people of Congo haven´t had any big benefit from the huge wealth of raw materials of the country.
Despite the vast mineral wealth, the Democratic Republic of Congo has been facing huge economic problems. These were caused by both - kleptocratic nature of Mobutu´s regime and the recent Congo War - and thus country ranks among the world's poorest countries. Government revenues dramatically decreased and foreign debt increased. The economic problems resulted in a famine which was, along with diseases, responsible for up to 3.8 million victims. Foreign trade has rapidly decreased, due to the uncertain outcome of the Civil War, but also due to poor operating conditions and wholly inadequate infrastructure. At the end of 2002, the situation stabilized and gradually began to slightly improve.
The Democratic Congo has approximately 250 ethnic groups. Most of the population are members of the Bantu nation. The most numerous nations are Luba (18 %), Congo (16 %) or Mongo (13 %). Language of the majority of the population belongs to the Niger-Congo language family , mainly of Benue-Congo branch, but the official language is French. Extended languages are Swahili , Chilubi , Congo or Lingala. There lives around 42 % of illiterate population, 15 % have secondary and 1% higher (university) education. The average life expectancy ranges from 43 to 49 years. Approximately 40 % of the population have been suffering from long-term malnutrition. Approximately 80 % of the population are Christians, Catholics in most cases. Residents who do not accept Christianity, are mostly animists, or adhere to various syncretic Afro-Christian sects. The most popular of these sects is Kimbanguism sect. Belgians , as colonizers , saw a threat in the sect, therefore it was prohibited. This sect currently has approximately 3 million members .